Defend or Refute ONE (and only one) of the following statements:

  1. The sciences of genetics, linguistics, geology, and biology provide a complete and incontrovertible picture of humanity’s pre-literate past.

(Hint: This essay should specify what information, or at least what type of information, each of these sciences does illuminate, as well as with what types of information they are less helpful).

  1. Sacred texts (like the Bible, the Vedas, etc.) are completely useless as sources of historical documentation.