Please see the below the questions below that I would like to have individually answered. This assignment must consist of 1200+ words with 3 Scholarly Sources, the below reference must be used as one source. Please put the question number by the answer so that I know what answer goes with each question.**NO PLAGIARISM WHATSOEVER**

Recent Reforms: Merit, Management, and Politics

1. What are the three major themes or aspects of recent civil service reforms?

2. Has recent civil service reform been driven more by political ideology or technical personnel management concerns?

3. What are two elements of an effective equal employment opportunity policy?

4. Why were early efforts to combat historic patterns of discrimination grounded on Presidential Executive Orders? What were the most important of those orders?

5. What were the conditions that gave rise to affirmative action in the federal civil service?

The Struggle for Equal Employment Opportunity

6. What are the various forms of affirmative action and what are their implications for the principle of nondiscrimination?

Textbook and Reference is attached below:

Nigro, L. G., & Kellough, J. E. (2014). The new public personnel administration. (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.