1. Martin Diamond states that â€œ[h]uman character, Aristotle argues, can be perfected only within a comprehensive system of character-forming conditions and constraintsâ€”in short, within the political community.â€ Discuss the differences that Diamond wants to draw between Plato (the ancients) and the moderns (Madison et al.). How do they both understand the relationship between politics and morality? What is the role of political community for this process?
2. In Platoâ€™s Gorgias, Socrates asks his interlocutor whether it is better to commit injustice or to suffer injustice. Why does Socrates ask this question (what is the questionâ€™s larger role in the flow of the dialogue?)? How does Socrates answer this question and what is his rationale for answering it in this way? Do you agree with Socrates? Why or why not?
3. Both Platoâ€™s Gorgias and Apology deal with the practice and concept of rhetoric, especially as it constitutes a challenge to philosophy and to the pursuit of justice. Drawing upon both dialogues, what is Platoâ€™s view of rhetoric? Can there be a good form of rhetoric? If so, what would this look like? If rhetoric is always bad, what is it about its nature that prevents it from being good? Conclude by assessing whether or not Plato presents a picture that accurately reflects of the role of rhetoric in contemporary American politics.
PLEASE ANSWER EACH QUESTION FULL and detailed. use only the text to answer these questions. the text for #1 is attached, The apology is attached, i do not have a copy of Plato Gorgias but there are many online resources that u can use to find that text. ( pdf of the dialog)