I need two responses of at least 150 words each for the below students discussions for this week. Also in the bold below are the questions the students at answering.

Goal: Observe how logical fallacies are used to persuade and at times, manipulate.

Please do not start a new conversation. Please post as a reply to the thread provided.


Advertisements exist to sell you a product. It might be soap, music, political positions, or ideas. Most advertisements use a variety of logical fallacies to persuade but some use them to subtlety or overtly manipulate the intended audience.

– Review the list of logical fallacies in your lesson and study the ads presented.

– Select at least two (2) ads that you feel represent two (2) different logical fallacies.

– Determine how the language and images of the ads appeal to the consumer; identify the kinds of fallacies being used; and describe what needs or insecurities the ads are trying to reach.

– Explain the ads’ effectiveness.

– While completing the forum consider the Week 3 trigger questions.

What is deductive reasoning?

What is inductive reasoning?

What is causal analysis?

Why should you care about logical fallacies?

What are some logical fallacies?

How are logical fallacies used in advertising?

Why is it important to look for underlying assumptions?

How can you protect yourself from those who try to manipulate your thinking?

Student one:

Hey Y’all,

I love the Allstate “Mayhem” commercials. Our friend “Mayhem” is always up to no good and mischief and he makes Murphy’s Law look entertaining. However, Mayhem is particularly good at appealing to our emotions, more specifically our fear. Fear of lack of insurance coverage or fear of events happening outside of our control. Mayhem appeals to our fear of financial insecurity by over-exaggerating the possibilities of events involving the love lives of teenage girls. Mayhem uses loaded language to further appeal to our emotions and fear by suggesting that we’d be better able to control uncontrollable events if we had Allstate Insurance and therefore magically be able to prevent such things from happening in the first place. Allstate’s Mayhem rides a slippery slope, pun intended, to show us just how bad it can get should we not obtain the “correct coverage” to protect us from Mayhem such as himself.

Allstate Mayhem Commercial. (n.d.) Retrieved from on 17 September 2019.

In our next advertisement, we see celebrities Sean Peyton and Justin Timberlake telling consumers which cameras they ought to use and purchase because they are clearly the authority on such devices after being followed around by the paparazzi all of the time. Advertisers appeal to authority of celebrities. Celebrities are famous and therefore know everything there is to know about everything or so we’re told during campaign seasons during political cycles.

I tend to loose respect for celebrities when I see them stoop to advertising. I cancelled all of my cable tv because I just couldn’t stand to listen to a single commercial again about something that “I just had to have” I don’t listen to radio for the same reason. I only listen to and watch commercial free entertainment of my choosing, not what anyone else tells me to do. I had enough of the manipulation and I was tired of hearing that I wasn’t enough. I’m significantly more at peace with myself since I cancelled everything that included commercials and advertising.

Sony Camera Advertisement. (n.d.) Retrieved from on 17 September 2019.



Student two:

Markedly, fallacies are illusive arguments that appear to be indisputable to prove anything. They often tend to be superficially sound and they frequently retain colossal persuasive power even after being undoubtedly exposed as a fake. For instance, fallacies and epidemics at times burn through the whole population, normally with more tragic consequences, before their power is lost. Notably, they are never deliberate however they possess goals of identifying modern and classic fallacies as they are applied in the current discourse. Much has been made for example the famous “crocodiles paradox “and “the fallacious fallacy” for purely symbolic and formal, finical and business and religious logic. Certainly, fallacies are not deliberate but the scholar’s objective is always to unmask the argument. They include alphabet soup, appeal to heaven, affective fallacy, ableism, and appeasement (Bennett 32).

Ableism a corrupt argument from ethos because it always argues that someone is intellectually emotional, slow and less capable than others deserves less and can be victimized by different people who are greedier, quicker and luckier. The fallacy itself is an easier argumentum ad baculum since after challenging it, individuals who practice it habitually shrug their body parts and mumble around, for example, they state that “this how life is”.

Furthermore, alphabet soup determines a scenario in which a person inaptly overuses numbers and acronyms mainly to clarify to the audience that they speak their language and display other behaviors. For instance, it is not common for ASD and K-12 for both to have LD and GT. In this case, the fallacy became more common all over the media pharmaceutical the most advertising in America. The Alphabet Soup is applied in situations where one has to create false identification exploit and identify peoples and patients groups recovering from particular conditions and illnesses.

On the other hand, the questionable analogy defines reasoning found in several assumptions of things which are similar and are alike in other respects when specific groups doubt it. The condition usually brings analogies of various claims of different which are somehow similar in important situations. Particularly, its effectiveness is in evaluating and measuring the condition and various conditions which arise after its application in several industries and sectors.

Works cited

Bennett, Bo. Logically fallacious: the ultimate collection of over 300 logical fallacies (Academic Edition). eBookIt. com, 2017.